Jewish Refugees from Austria in the Hospitals of the Jewish Community of Pest after the Anschluss

  • Kinga Frojimovics Vienna Wiesenthal Institute for Holocaust Studies
Keywords: Hungary, refugees, hospitals, Jewish communities, Budapest, welfare


The study analyzes the social characteristics of Jewish refugees who have fled from Austria to Hungary after the Anschluss, on the one hand, by a unique source – the hospital records of refugees, treated in the hospitals of the Jewish Community of Pest. Moreover, the correspondence of Jewish organizations dealing with hospitalized refugees, gives a glimpse into the decision-making processes that the Jewish community had to make alone, as the Hungarian state left it to aid and care of refugees. This happened in those years (from 1938 onwards) when the Hungarian Jewish community itself was a victim of continuous legal and economic discrimination by the Hungarian state.